android get real path by Uri.getPath()

This is what I do:

Uri selectedImageURI = data.getData();
imageFile = new File(getRealPathFromURI(selectedImageURI));

and:

private String getRealPathFromURI(Uri contentURI) {
    String result;
    Cursor cursor = getContentResolver().query(contentURI, null, null, null, null);
    if (cursor == null) { // Source is Dropbox or other similar local file path
        result = contentURI.getPath();
    } else { 
        cursor.moveToFirst(); 
        int idx = cursor.getColumnIndex(MediaStore.Images.ImageColumns.DATA); 
        result = cursor.getString(idx);
        cursor.close();
    }
    return result;
}

NOTE: managedQuery() method is deprecated, so I am not using it.

Last edit: Improvement. We should close cursor!!

Is it really necessary for you to get a physical path?
For example, ImageView.setImageURI() and ContentResolver.openInputStream() allow you to access the contents of a file without knowing its real path.

@Rene Juuse – above in comments… Thanks for this link !

.
the code to get the real path is a bit different from one SDK to another so below we have three methods that deals with different SDKs.

getRealPathFromURI_API19(): returns real path for API 19 (or above but not tested)
getRealPathFromURI_API11to18(): returns real path for API 11 to API 18
getRealPathFromURI_below11(): returns real path for API below 11

public class RealPathUtil {

@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public static String getRealPathFromURI_API19(Context context, Uri uri){
    String filePath = "";
    String wholeID = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);

     // Split at colon, use second item in the array
     String id = wholeID.split(":")[1];

     String[] column = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };     

     // where id is equal to             
     String sel = MediaStore.Images.Media._ID + "=?";

     Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, 
                               column, sel, new String[]{ id }, null);

     int columnIndex = cursor.getColumnIndex(column[0]);

     if (cursor.moveToFirst()) {
         filePath = cursor.getString(columnIndex);
     }   
     cursor.close();
     return filePath;
}


@SuppressLint("NewApi")
public static String getRealPathFromURI_API11to18(Context context, Uri contentUri) {
      String[] proj = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
      String result = null;

      CursorLoader cursorLoader = new CursorLoader(
              context, 
        contentUri, proj, null, null, null);        
      Cursor cursor = cursorLoader.loadInBackground();

      if(cursor != null){
       int column_index = 
         cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
       cursor.moveToFirst();
       result = cursor.getString(column_index);
      }
      return result;  
}

public static String getRealPathFromURI_BelowAPI11(Context context, Uri contentUri){
           String[] proj = { MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA };
           Cursor cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(contentUri, proj, null, null, null);
           int column_index
      = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(MediaStore.Images.Media.DATA);
           cursor.moveToFirst();
           return cursor.getString(column_index);
}

font: http://hmkcode.com/android-display-selected-image-and-its-real-path/


UPDATE 2016 March

To fix all problems with path of images i try create a custom gallery as facebook and other apps. This is because you can use just local files ( real files, not virtual or temporary) , i solve all problems with this library.

https://github.com/nohana/Laevatein (this library is to take photo from camera or choose from galery , if you choose from gallery he have a drawer with albums and just show local files)

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