Android – How to filter emoji (emoticons) from a string?

Emojis can be found in the following ranges (source) :

  • U+2190 to U+21FF
  • U+2600 to U+26FF
  • U+2700 to U+27BF
  • U+3000 to U+303F
  • U+1F300 to U+1F64F
  • U+1F680 to U+1F6FF

You can use this line in your script to filter them all at once:

text.replace("/[u2190-u21FF]|[u2600-u26FF]|[u2700-u27BF]|[u3000-u303F]|[u1F300-u1F64F]|[u1F680-u1F6FF]/g", "");

Latest emoji data can be found here:

http://unicode.org/Public/emoji/

There is a folder named with emoji version.
As app developers a good idea is to use latest version available.

When You look inside a folder, You’ll see text files in it.
You should check emoji-data.txt. It contains all standard emoji codes.

There are a lot of small symbol code ranges for emoji.
Best support will be to check all these in Your app.

Some people ask why there are 5 digit codes when we can only specify 4 after u.
Well these are codes made from surrogate pairs. Usually 2 symbols are used to encode one emoji.

For example, we have a string.

String s = ...;

UTF-16 representation

byte[] utf16 = s.getBytes("UTF-16BE");

Iterate over UTF-16

for(int i = 0; i < utf16.length; i += 2) {

Get one char

char c = (char)((char)(utf16[i] & 0xff) << 8 | (char)(utf16[i + 1] & 0xff));

Now check for surrogate pairs. Emoji are located on the first plane, so check first part of pair in range 0xd800..0xd83f.

if(c >= 0xd800 && c <= 0xd83f) {
    high = c;
    continue;
}

For second part of surrogate pair range is 0xdc00..0xdfff. And we can now convert a pair to one 5 digit code.

else if(c >= 0xdc00 && c <= 0xdfff) {
    low = c;
    long unicode = (((long)high - 0xd800) * 0x400) + ((long)low - 0xdc00) + 0x10000;
}

All other symbols are not pairs so process them as is.

else {
    long unicode = c;
}

Now use data from emoji-data.txt to check if it’s emoji.
If it is, then skip it. If not then copy bytes to output byte array.

Finally byte array is converted to String by

String out = new String(outarray, Charset.forName("UTF-16BE"));

For those using Kotlin, Char.isSurrogate can help as well. Find and remove the indexes that are true from that.

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