Android ImageReader.acquireLatestImage returns invalid JPG

The code in answer by @charlesjean works but I would rather not generate each pixel by my self. A better way to get the Image from ImageReader is just to create right sized bitmap and use the method copyPixelsFromBuffer(). Create ImageReader as follows:

mImageReader = ImageReader.newInstance(mWidth, mHeight, ImageFormat.RGB_565, 2);

Then you can get the image from mImageReader using the code below.

final Image.Plane[] planes = image.getPlanes();
final ByteBuffer buffer = planes[0].getBuffer();
int offset = 0;
int pixelStride = planes[0].getPixelStride();
int rowStride = planes[0].getRowStride();
int rowPadding = rowStride - pixelStride * mWidth;
// create bitmap
bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(mWidth+rowPadding/pixelStride, mHeight, Bitmap.Config.RGB_565);
bitmap.copyPixelsFromBuffer(buffer);
image.close();

I have described the process of capturing screen using MediaProjection API along with the mistakes most people made when getting image from ImageReader in a blog post which you can read if interested.

I tested the code of the first answer, but unfortunately it does not work on real device. I make some investigation and the following code solved my problem:

 mImgReader = ImageReader.newInstance(mWidth, mHeight, PixelFormat.RGBA_8888, 5);
    mSurface = mImgReader.getSurface();// mSurfaceView.getHolder().getSurface();
    mImgReader.setOnImageAvailableListener(new ImageReader.OnImageAvailableListener() {
        @Override
        public void onImageAvailable(ImageReader reader) {
            Log.i(TAG, "in OnImageAvailable");
            FileOutputStream fos = null;
            Bitmap bitmap = null;
            Image img = null;
            try {
                img = reader.acquireLatestImage();
                if (img != null) {
                    Image.Plane[] planes = img.getPlanes();
                    if (planes[0].getBuffer() == null) {
                        return;
                    }
                    int width = img.getWidth();
                    int height = img.getHeight();
                    int pixelStride = planes[0].getPixelStride();
                    int rowStride = planes[0].getRowStride();
                    int rowPadding = rowStride - pixelStride * width;
                    byte[] newData = new byte[width * height * 4];

                    int offset = 0;
                    bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(metrics,width, height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
                    ByteBuffer buffer = planes[0].getBuffer();
                    for (int i = 0; i < height; ++i) {
                        for (int j = 0; j < width; ++j) {
                            int pixel = 0;
                            pixel |= (buffer.get(offset) & 0xff) << 16;     // R
                            pixel |= (buffer.get(offset + 1) & 0xff) << 8;  // G
                            pixel |= (buffer.get(offset + 2) & 0xff);       // B
                            pixel |= (buffer.get(offset + 3) & 0xff) << 24; // A
                            bitmap.setPixel(j, i, pixel);
                            offset += pixelStride;
                        }
                        offset += rowPadding;
                    }
                    String name = "/myscreen" + count + ".png";
                    count++;
                    File file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), name);
                    fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
                    bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, fos);
                    Log.i(TAG, "image saved in" + Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + name);
                    img.close();
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            } finally {
                if (null != fos) {
                    try {
                        fos.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                if (null != bitmap) {
                    bitmap.recycle();
                }
                if (null != img) {
                    img.close();
                }

            }



        }
    }, mHandler);

I encountered exactly your problem. My ImageReader created as so:

ImageReader.newInstance(mCaptureSize.getWidth(), mCaptureSize.getHeight(), ImageFormat.JPEG, 1);

The ImageReader above should only return compressed images, and these need to be decompressed. I acquireLatestImage(), then pass it through the following:

ByteBuffer bBuffer = planes[0].getBuffer;
bBuffer.rewind();
byte[] buffer = new byte[bBuffer.remaining()];
planes[0].getBuffer().get(buffer);
Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(buffer, 0, buffer.length);

The key for me was to rewind the ByteBuffer. Your code should work as so:

mProjection.createVirtualDisplay("test", width, height, density, flags, mImageReader.getSurface(), new VirtualDisplayCallback(), mHandler);
            mImageReader.setOnImageAvailableListener(new ImageReader.OnImageAvailableListener() {
                @Override
                public void onImageAvailable(ImageReader reader) {
                    Image image = null;
                    try {
                        image = mImageReader.acquireLatestImage();
                        final Image.Plane[] planes = image.getPlanes();
                        final ByteBuffer buffer = planes[0].getBuffer();
                        buffer.rewind()
                        final byte[] data = new byte[buffer.capacity()];
                        buffer.get(data);
                        final Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeByteArray(data, 0, data.length);
                        if (bitmap==null)
                            Log.e(TAG, "bitmap is null");

                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        if (image!=null)
                            image.close();
                    }
                }

            }, mHandler);

I don’t like having to copy the ByteBuffer through an intermediate byte[], but the internal array is protected.

Tested working on 5.0.1 on an HTC